Soru Çöz - ChemiPPR TEST SYTSEM
ChemiPPR TEST SYTSEM

RISK MANAGEMENT Start Solving

Risk Management

  • Which of this stages are part of the Risk Management process?
  • a) Risk Assessment
  • b) Risk Evaluation
  • c) Risk Treatment
  • d) All of them
  • Which are the benefits of the risk management?
  • a) Improve organizational resilience
  • b) Enhance healthsafety performance, as well as environmental protection
  • c) Maximize losses
  • d) Establish an unreliable basis for decision makingplanning
  • Which of this points are parts of a Safety Management System (field of SEVESO Directive)?
  • a) Identificationevaluation of major hazards
  • b) Quality audit
  • c) Management of change
  • d) Operational Control
  • Risk estimation can be quantitative, semi quantitativequalitative. Which of the sentences, about quantitative estimation below are true?
  • a) The quantitative estimation is done when internationalnational regulations (or corporative regulations) are compulsory
  • b) Quantitative estimation is a non-rigorous process to estimate risks.
  • c) The checklist is the principal background to do a quantitative estimation.
  • d) The quantitative estimation is done assessing a qualitative o semi quantitative methodology, the risk estimated is over the screening criteria
  • Which of this are Risk identification methodologies?
  • a) ALARP
  • b) FMEA
  • c) HAZOP
  • d) BLEVE
  • Which can be the reason to classify a hazard as not significant?
  • a) The effect of realization of a hazard may be included in another more severe hazard.
  • b) High consequences
  • c) Very low frequency of occurrence
  • d) High frequency of occurrence but low consequences
  • Which of this stages are part of the QRA?
  • a) Identify scenarios
  • b) Consequence modelling
  • c) Event treefrequency analysis
  • d) Criteriaprioritization
  • Which of this scenarios shall be calculated in a QRA?
  • a) Release of the entire content of a storage tank in 10 min.
  • b) Overfilling of a storage tank.
  • c) Rupture of all pipes at a time in heat exchangerscondensers
  • d) Outflow of the minimum outflow rate of a pressure relief valve
  • What are the physical effects of a pool fire?
  • a) Toxicity
  • b) Thermal radiation
  • c) Overpressure
  • d) Direct flame contact
  • What are the physical effects of a BLEVE?
  • a) Toxicity
  • b) Missiles (fragments of the storage tank)
  • c) Thermal radiation
  • d) Overpressure
  • Which of this are modifiers of the frequency of a critical event?
  • a) Safety distances
  • b) Emergency plandrills
  • c) Detectionshutdown systems
  • d) Managements factors
  • On which depends the dose received in a scenario of toxicity?
  • a) Maximum concentration of the substance in the air
  • b) Average intensity received, in kW/m
  • c) Overpressure generated (mbar)
  • d) Exposure time in seconds
  • Complete the equation: frequency x damage =
  • a) Risk
  • b) Consequence
  • c) Safeguard
  • d) Effects
  • What does ALARP mean?
  • a) As low as reasonable achievable
  • b) As low as reasonable practicable
  • c) As low as possible
  • d) As high as reasonable practicable
  • What does Societal Risk express?
  • a) The highest consequence event for the vicinity
  • b) Summation of risks all the outcomes affecting any location
  • c) Group of people simultaneously exposed to the consequences of an accident
  • d) It is expressed using a FN curve (frequency vs number of fatalities)
  • Which is the effect causing pulmonary hemorrhage?
  • a) Thermal radiation
  • b) Overpressure
  • c) Toxicity
  • d) Fragments
  • Which is the most used acceptance criteria in EU countries for individual risk?
  • a) 10-6
  • b) 10-5
  • c) 10-7
  • d) 10-4
  • In inherently safer design, the following concepts are used to reduce risk:
  • a) Reduction, e.g. reducing the hazardous inventoriesthe frequencyduration of exposure;
  • b) Substitution, e.g. substituting hazardous materials with less hazardous ones (but recognizing that there could be some trade-offs here between plant safetythe wider productlifecycle issues);
  • c) Attenuation, e.g. using the hazardous materialsprocesses in a way that s their hazard potential, such as segregating the process plant into smaller sections using ESD valves, processing at lower temperaturepressure;
  • d) All of them
  • Factors that will influence the ion of measures to reduce the risk include
  • a) Technical feasibility of the risk-reducing measure.
  • b) Contribution of the risk-reducing measure
  • c) Degree of uncertainty associated with the risk
  • d) Production time lost by implementing the measure (checklist, procedures…)
  • Which of these standards can help us to implement a Safety Management System?
  • a) SEVESO Directive
  • b) BS ISO 4500
  • c) ISO 31000
  • d) RR1035
  • The definition of consequence is “outcome of an event affecting objectives”.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The definition of Risk Management is “Process of finding, recognizingdescribing risks”.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The HAZOP is the perfect Risk Identification Methodology for installations which are a repeated of earlier designswhere there are recognized codesstandards.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The acronym of QRA means “Qualitative Risk Assessment”.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The catastrophic failure of a storage tank is a compulsory scenario to calculate in a QRA.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • Jet fire is an ignition of a continuous leakage of flammable gasesvapours contained in pipescontainers with overpressure.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The probit equation is independent of the phenomena evaluated.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The Individual risk (or Cumulative Escalation risk) is the summation of risks all the outcomes affecting any locationis usually calculated on a grid
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The screening criteria are the targetsstandards used to judge the tolerability of an identified hazardeffect.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • The general hierarchy of risk-reducing measures is: prevention, detection, control, mitigation, emergency response.
  • a) True
  • b) False
  • BLEVE is suitable in atmospheric tanks
  • a) True
  • b) False

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